Sandiway Fong (University of Arizona) and Jason Ginsberg (Aizu University, Japan)
Worked Examples from Binding Theory
Extends an earlier implementation (see here) of Chomsky's
Phase to account for Binding Theory facts.
(See lower section below for a short summary of the
theory. See also draft of paper Computation with doubling
constituents: Pronouns and antecedents in Phase Theoryhere. )
the parses and buttons that permit you to step through the derivations
for the various example sentences.
doubling constituent (DC) combines a pronoun or anaphor
with its antecedent.
Covert d and self head the pronominal and reflexive
A pronoun selects for its antecedent (and crucially not the other
An antecedent must escape the DC to be properly (theta and Case)
licensed. Self (not null d) is a phase head.
Note: The latter assumption accounts for the differences
in distribution between pronominals and anaphors.
The scope of probe-goal licensing is limited to two
phases. Phase heads are:
(I) c (complementizer), (II) v ("little v") when limited to v*, and
(III) d (determiner) when it is self or possessive
Note: v* and 's both provide for a subject
theta position, self doesn't.
Any active lexical item still remaining at computation's end will cause the derivation to
Note: active lexical items contain unvalued feature(s).
Only items in imminent danger of falling outside probe-goal
scope can (I) preferentially undergo internal merge (last
resort (LR) move) into an available theta position, or (II) go
into the (subject) buffer for later external merge.
Note: regular move is limited to merge to heads that
have an EPP (or edge) feature. These are t (tense) and c (when
In the case of merge to a theta position, simple external merge has
priority over internal merge, LR move and the (subject) buffer.